Diwali can be defined as a pan – Indian festival, owing to its popularity all over India. The festival, which is being celebrated throughout India in various ways, is being known as the festival of lights. According to the Hindu calendar, this five day starts on the thirteenth lunar day of Krishnapaksha of Ashwin month and ends on the second lunar day of the Shuklapaskha of Karthik month.
Not only in India, but also in couple of Subcontinent countries, some Asian countries and Caribbean islands too celebrates Diwali with much fanfare. Like most of the traditional festivals, Diwali too is not devoid of mythological stories. The days are celebrated in order to triumph of the victory of good over evil. And for the purpose huge lighting set ups are made of throughout the streets and houses in order to welcome the goddess Lakshmidevi. Also firecrackers are exploded, which signifies the act of driving away evil spirits.
There are two stories attached to the celebration of Diwali. One such is to hail the return of Rama to the kingdom and coronation process after killing Ravana. While on the other hand, we have another story related to lord Srikrishna. In this version, the story is that Diwali is being celebrated for triumphing over the victory of Srikrishna over Narakasura – the evil lord. Also stories mentions that it is not Srikrishna, but his wife Sathyabhama killed Narakasura. There are references in the mythological stories that the celebration of Diwali is associated with the return Pandavas after Vanavasa.
Anyhow, Diwali is been celebrated throughout India colorfully. The celebrations Spread for five days – ‘Dhanatrayodashi’ or ‘Dhan Teras’ or ‘Dhwanwanthari Triodashi’, ‘Naraka Chaturdashi’, ‘Lashmi Puja’, ‘Kartika Chaturdashi’ and ‘Yama Dwitiya’. All the days are considered auspicious for various purposes, with the first day being good for starting business ventures. The third day as the name indicates marks the beginning of worshipping goddess Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth.
Diwali is also considered as the season of harvest in most of the parts of India. The Diwali celebration mainly falls on the English months of October – November, which in fact is the time of harvest in many parts of India.